Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a very dangerous form of blood cancer that moves rapidly and is extremely fast as far as progression is concerned. It also is referred to as myelogenous leukemia. Put in plain and simple words, when a person suffers from AML, he or she suffers from a condition where the body makes cells that are unhealthy. These basically stem cells and they do not develop properly. These stem cell donation get produced in the bone marrow. Bone marrow is a soft and spongy tissue inside the bones. When a person is impacted by AML, the bone marrow loses the capacity of making normal and healthy red blood cells, platelets and white blood cells. In the absence of healthy blood cells, the body gradually loses its capacity to fight infections and may not also be in a position to stop both internal and external bleeding. So the only way forward is to try and replace the bone marrow and this is what transplantation all about. It could help the patient to live longer and perhaps be in a position to recover fully once the transplant is successful and it starts making RBC, WBC, and platelets in the right quantities.
How Does Bone Marrow Transplant Work?
BMT is the short form of a bone marrow transplant. As mentioned above, this is the only viable alternative for prolonging the life of those who are suffering from blood cancer. It is a relatively safe and proven process and it is also something that can be performed even on older patients. It is processed by which unhealthy cells are replaced with healthy ones. In many cases, the transplant may be able to cure the blood cancer while on some other it could prolong the life of such patients.
Though there are different types of bone marrow transplants, an allogeneic transplant is considered to be the most common and most popular. This type of transplant makes use of healthy blood-forming cells that are donated by somebody else. The same is replaced by unhealthy ones. These healthy cells could gradually become a family member even if the donor is unrelated. There are many sources of bone marrow cells or stem cell transplant match and the umbilical cord blood is supposed to be a rich source that could be used for transplantation. The healthy cells are injected to the patient using an IV or intravenous catheter. The new cells travel to the inside of the bones or the bone marrow. Once inside it could help in creating fresh and healthy stem cells that could be used by the body to make healthy and high-quality RBC, WBC and also platelets.
When Should A Doctor Be Consulted
It would be better to consult a doctor if your child of any other member of the family has suffered any of the following condition. The patient could have suffered from MDS or myelodysplastic syndrome and this actually is not cancer. If the patient complains of low quality stems cells even after chemotherapy. However, it needs to be borne in mind that these transplants work best when the problem is diagnosed at an early stage.
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